Democracy and Education, John Dewey (1916)

Democracy and Education book cover
“A society marked off into classes need be specially attentive only to the education of its ruling elements. A society which is mobile, which is full of channels for the distribution of a change occurring anywhere, must see to it that its members are educated to personal initiative and adaptability.” Continue Reading

Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Paulo Freire (1968)

pedagogy of the oppressed
“No pedagogy which is truly liberating can remain distant from the oppressed by treating them as unfortunates and by presenting for their emulation models from among the oppressors. The oppressed must be their own example in the struggle for their redemption” Continue Reading

Deschooling Society, Ivan Illich (1971), book cover
“School prepares for the alienating institutionalization of life by teaching the need to be taught. Once this lesson is learned, people lose their incentive to grow in independence.” Continue Reading


The History of Doing, Radha Kumar (1993)

The History of Doing, Radha Kumar, book cover
“It looks at how women’s issues were raised, initially by men and as part of the movements for social reform, and then with the involvement of women in the nationalist movement, by women themselves.” Continue Reading

Border Country: Raymond Williams in Adult Education (1993)

Cover of Border Country
“It is becoming clear that, not necessarily by positive action but by the whole sum of our actions and failures to act,we the majority are going to settle the quality of this society; if this is so,adult education can be concerned with no less.” Continue Reading

Shop Class as Soulcraft: An Inquiry Into the Value of Work, Matthew Crawford (2008)

Shop Class as Soulcraft book cover
This book “advances a nestled set of arguments on behalf of work that is meaningful because it is genuinely useful. It also explores what we might call the ethics of maintenance and repair.” Continue Reading